In summer 2000, 5 years after the death of Michael Ende, a “Congress of Fantasy” was held in Passau. Within the context of the congress a memorial volume was published. The article by Y. Hirota that can be read here allows Michael Ende to speak about subjects, which were dear to his heart during his life: about literature, about the relationship between East and West, and about his critical position towards a purely purpose orientated economy. His criticism of the materialism and the crimes that big corporations commit against the environment is more relevant today than ever. And with an astonishing economical experiment, the writer shows us that economy does not always have to cost mankind dear.